Chichén Itzá

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The Chichen Itza archaeological site is the most visited Mayan site on the peninsula.Chichen-Itza, belongs to the new 7 wonders of the world*; *The New Seven Wonders of the World were announced on july 7th, 2007 in Lisbon, Portugal after seven years of publicity and promotion. * Chichent Itza, Mexico,* The Great Wall, China, * Petra, Jordan, * Christ Redeemer, Brazil, * Machu Picchu, Peru 
* The Roman Colloseum, Italy, * The Taj Mahal, India.

Chichen Itza which means “at the mouth of the well of Itza “, is the 2nd most visited archeological site of Mexico today.The Kukulkan Pyramid, is located in the Peninsula of Eighteen structures have been restored over the years. Pyramid Kukulcan is the tallest of them and allows a view from the top of all Chichen Itza. During the Spring and Fall equinoxes, (March 21 & Sept 21) the setting sun creates shadows down the steps of the pyramid that resemble a snake descending. At he time of Spanish conquest of Yucatan Chichén Itzá was abandoned and was discovered by John Stephens a Frederick Catherwood at 1841. This pyramid was built for astronomical purposes and during the vernal equinox (March 21) and the autumnal equinox (September 22) at about 4 pm the sunlight bathes the western balustrade of the pyramid's main stairway. This causes seven isosceles triangles to form imitating the body of a serpent 37 yards long that creeps downwards until it joins the huge serpent's head carved in stone at the bottom of the stairway. This  could have been connected with agricultural rituals.

Castillo Temlo del Kukulcan

Among others important buildings are: The Temple of the Warriors is one of the most impressive and important structures at Chichen Itza. It might be the only known late classic Maya building sufficiently big enough for really large gatherings. The temple consists of four platforms, flanked on the south and west sides by 200 round and square columns. All square columns are carved in low relief, with Toltec warriors; in some places they are cemented together in sections, painted in brilliant colors and covered with plaster. 
The Temple of Warriors is approached by a broad stairway with a plain, stepped ramp on either side, and each ramp has figures of standard-bearers to hold flags. Before the main entrance a chacmool reclined. 
On the top, serpent columns which had S shaped supported wooden lintels (now gone) above the doorways. Astronomical signs and decorative features on the head of each serpent are carved over the eyes. 
On the top of each serpent head is a shallow basin that could have been used as an oil lamp.

Map Chichén Itzá

El Caracol means winding staircase or snail. This building is dated between 600 AD to 850 AD. 
It was remodeled also from 800 AD to 1200 AD. The tower is 48 feet high with many windows which allowed for observing the equinoxes and summer solstice.  This tower sits high on a four-cornered but not quite square platform and gives excellent unobstructed views of the skies and surrounding landscape. In particular, it seems to be carefully aligned with the motions of Venus. Venus had tremendous significance for the Maya community; this bright planet was considered a war god and the sun’s twin. Mayan leaders used the changing position of Venus to plan appropriate times for battles and raids. El caracol was used as an observatory.

Caracol

The Temple of the Warriors is one of the most impressive and important structures at Chichen Itza. It might be the only known late classic Maya building sufficiently big enough for really large gatherings. The temple consists of four platforms, flanked on the south and west sides by 200 round and square columns. All square columns are carved in low relief, with Toltec warriors; in some places they are cemented together in sections, painted in brilliant colors and covered with plaster. 
The Temple of Warriors is approached by a broad stairway with a plain, stepped ramp on either side, and each ramp has figures of standard-bearers to hold flags. Before the main entrance a chacmool reclined. 
On the top, serpent columns which had S shaped supported wooden lintels (now gone) above the doorways. Astronomical signs and decorative features on the head of each serpent are carved over the eyes. 
On the top of each serpent head is a shallow basin that could have been used as an oil lamp

The Temple of the Warriors

Great Ball court: he Mayans were great sportsmen and build huge ballcourts to play all their games. The Great Ballcourt of Chichen Itza is 225 feet wide and 545 feet long overall. It has no vault, no discontinuity between the walls and is totally open to the blue sky. Each end has a raised to the temple area. A whisper from end can be heard clearly enough at the other end 500 feet far away and through the length and breath of the court. 
The sound waves are unaffected by wind direction or time of day and also night. Archaeologists engaged in the reconstruction noted that the sound transmission became more and more strong and clear as they proceeded.

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